Fungus gnats (Diptera: Bolitophilidae, Diadocidiidae, Ditomyiidae, Keroplatidae & Mycetophilidae) from Tyresta National Park and Nature Reserve in Sweden

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2008
Authors:Jakovlev, J., Kjærandsen, J., Viklund B.
Journal:Sahlbergia
Volume:14
Issue:1
Pagination:29-52
Abstract:

Faunistic data on fungus gnats from the boreonemoral, old-growth, pine-dominated forests of Tyresta National Park and the surrounding Nature Reserve are presented. The material was collected with Malaise traps, window traps and coloured pan traps at 15 sites in the years 1997-2003. The Tyresta forest suffered from a 450 ha area wild-fire in 1999, and about half (55%) of the samples originates from newly, partly heavily burnt wild-fire sites. Altogether 248 species are recorded, including 22 species new to Sweden, viz. Symmerus nobilis Lackschewitz, 1937, Orfelia unicolor (Staeger, 1840), Phthinia winnertzi Mik, 1869, Sciophila krysheni Polevoi, 2001, Sciophila modesta Zaitzev, 1982, Sciophila persubtilis Polevoi, 2001, Sciophila setosa Garrett, 1925, Boletina edwardsi Chandler, 1992, Gnoriste harcyniae von Roder, 1887, Allodia (Allodia) anglofennica Edwards, 1921, Allodia (Brachycampta) foliifera (Strobl, 1910), Anatella ankeli Plassmann, 1977, Exechiopsis (Xenexechia) perspicua (Johannsen, 1912), Synplasta pseudingeniosa Zaitzev, 1993, Mycetophila dziedzickii Chandler, 1977, Mycetophila gentilicia Zaitzev, 1999, Mycetophila lubomirskii Dziedzicki, 1884, Phronia distincta Hackman, 1970, Sceptonia regni Chandler, 1991, Sceptonia thaya Sevcik, 2004, Trichonta clavigera Lundstrom, 1913, and Trichonta subterminalis Zaitzev & Menzel, 1996. Five species (1 Diadocidia, 1 Docosia, 2 Cordyla and 1 Dynatosoma) are regarded as new to science and will be described elsewhere. The species richness and composition fits well the general picture of increasing species diversity towards north when compared with other surveys in the Nordic region. The material shows no significant difference between fire-sites and intact forest with respect to number of specimens caught, but the species composition is quite different. As expected, the highest number of species (185) was found at the undisturbed sites, and 43 species are significantly found to be avoiding the fire sites. Still, attraction of many fungus gnats to wild-fire sites is strongly indicated by a high number of species (151) captured there, of which 37 species are significantly over-represented at such sites. For 201 species (81%) the known larval habitat is given, showing that fungus gnats from Tyresta are dependant upon a rich biota of both epigeal and wood-growing fungi, and on decaying wood, particularly of deciduous trees.

URL:http://www.online-keys.net/sciaroidea/add01/Jakovlev_al_2008_fungus_gnats_from_tyresta.pdf
Taxonomic name: 
Bolitophilidae (Classification), Bolitophila (Classification), Bolitophila Bolitophila (Classification), Bolitophila cinerea (Classification), Bolitophila tenella (Classification), Bolitophila Cliopisa (Classification), Bolitophila hybrida (Classification), Diadocidiidae (Classification), Diadocidia (Classification), Diadocidia Diadocidia (Classification), Diadocidia ferruginosa (Classification), Diadocidia spinosula (Classification), Ditomyiidae (Classification), Symmerus (Classification), Symmerus nobilis (Classification), Keroplatidae (Classification), Keroplatinae (Classification), Keroplatini (Classification), Keroplatus (Classification), Keroplatus testaceus (Classification), Orfeliini (Classification), Isoneuromyia (Classification), Isoneuromyia semirufa (Classification), Macrorrhyncha (Classification), Macrorrhyncha rostrata (Classification), Neoplatyura (Classification), Neoplatyura flava (Classification), Orfelia (Classification), Orfelia fasciata (Classification), Orfelia nemoralis (Classification), Pyratula (Classification), Pyratula zonata (Classification), Urytalpa (Classification), Macrocerinae (Classification), Macrocera (Classification), Macrocera maculata (Classification), Macrocera parva (Classification), Macrocera phalerata (Classification), Macrocera pumilio (Classification), Macrocera stigmoides (Classification), Macrocera zetterstedti (Classification), Mycetophilidae (Classification), Gnoristinae (Classification), Sciophilinae (Classification), Apolephthisa (Classification), Apolephthisa subincana (Classification), Boletina (Classification), Katatopygia erythropyga (Classification), Boletina basalis (Classification), Boletina cordata (Classification), Boletina edwardsi (Classification), Boletina gripha (Classification), Boletina lundstromi (Classification), Boletina nigricans (Classification), Boletina plana (Classification), Boletina populina (Classification), Boletina sciarina (Classification), Boletina trivittata (Classification), Coelophthinia (Classification), Coelophthinia thoracica (Classification), Coelosia (Classification), Coelosia fusca (Classification), Coelosia tenella (Classification), Dziedzickia (Classification), Dziedzickia marginata (Classification), Gnoriste (Classification), Gnoriste bilineata (Classification), Gnoriste harcyniae (Classification), Grzegorzekia (Classification), Grzegorzekia collaris (Classification), Palaeodocosia (Classification), Saigusaia (Classification), Saigusaia flaviventris (Classification), Synapha (Classification), Synapha vitripennis (Classification), Syntemna (Classification), Syntemna hungarica (Classification), Syntemna stylata (Classification), Leiinae (Classification), Docosia (Classification), Docosia fumosa (Classification), Docosia gilvipes (Classification), Ectrepesthoneura (Classification), Ectrepesthoneura colyeri (Classification), Ectrepesthoneura hirta (Classification), Ectrepesthoneura pubescens (Classification), Ectrepesthoneura tori (Classification), Leia (Classification), Leia cylindrica (Classification), Leia picta (Classification), Leia subfasciata (Classification), Leia winthemi (Classification), Rondaniella (Classification), Rondaniella dimidiata (Classification), Tetragoneura (Classification), Tetragoneura sylvatica (Classification), Mycetophilinae (Classification), Exechiini (Classification), Allodia (Classification), Allodia Allodia (Classification), Allodia anglofennica (Classification), Allodia embla (Classification), Allodia lundstroemi (Classification), Allodia ornaticollis (Classification), Allodia truncata (Classification), Allodia zaitzevi (Classification), Allodia Brachycampta (Classification), Allodia barbata (Classification), Allodia czernyi (Classification), Allodia foliifera (Classification), Allodia grata (Classification), Allodia pistillata (Classification), Allodia silvatica (Classification), Allodia lugens (Classification), Allodiopsis (Classification), Allodiopsis domestica (Classification), Allodiopsis rustica (Classification), Myrosia maculosa (Classification), Anatella (Classification), Anatella ankeli (Classification), Anatella ciliata (Classification), Anatella setigera (Classification), Anatella simpatica (Classification), Anatella turi (Classification), Brevicornu (Classification), Brevicornu fuscipenne (Classification), Brevicornu sericoma (Classification), Brevicornu improvisum (Classification), Exechia (Classification), Exechia bicincta (Classification), Exechia contaminata (Classification), Exechia dizona (Classification), Exechia dorsalis (Classification), Exechia festiva (Classification), Exechia fusca (Classification), Exechia lucidula (Classification), Exechia lundstroemi (Classification), Exechia nigroscutellata (Classification), Exechia parva (Classification), Exechia parvula (Classification), Exechia pseudocincta (Classification), Exechia repanda (Classification), Exechia separata (Classification), Exechia seriata (Classification), Exechia spinuligera (Classification), Exechiopsis (Classification), Exechiopsis Exechiopsis (Classification), Exechiopsis aemula (Classification), Exechiopsis clypeata (Classification), Exechiopsis forcipata (Classification), Exechiopsis indecisa (Classification), Exechiopsis januarii (Classification), Exechiopsis pseudopulchella (Classification), Exechiopsis pulchella (Classification), Exechiopsis subulata (Classification), Exechiopsis Xenexechia (Classification), Exechiopsis crucigera (Classification), Exechiopsis perspiqua (Classification), Exechiopsis seducta (Classification), Pseudexechia (Classification), Pseudexechia trivittata (Classification), Pseudorymosia (Classification), Pseudorymosia fovea (Classification), Rymosia (Classification), Rymosia fasciata (Classification), Rymosia signatipes (Classification), Synplasta (Classification), Synplasta pseudingeniosa (Classification), Synplasta sintenisi (Classification), Tarnania (Classification), Tarnania fenestralis (Classification), Mycetophilini (Classification), Cordyla (Classification), Cordyla brevicornis (Classification), Cordyla crassicornis (Classification), Cordyla fasciata (Classification), Cordyla fissa (Classification), Cordyla flaviceps (Classification), Cordyla fusca (Classification), Cordyla nitens (Classification), Cordyla nitidula (Classification), Cordyla parvipalpis (Classification), Cordyla semiflava (Classification), Dynatosoma (Classification), Dynatosoma cochleare (Classification), Dynatosoma dihaeta (Classification), Dynatosoma fuscicorne (Classification), Dynatosoma majus (Classification), Dynatosoma nigromaculatum (Classification), Dynatosoma reciprocum (Classification), Dynatosoma rufescens (Classification), Dynatosoma thoracicum (Classification), Epicypta (Classification), Epicypta aterrima (Classification), Mycetophila (Classification), Mycetophila abiecta (Classification), Mycetophila alea (Classification), Mycetophila attonsa (Classification), Mycetophila biusta (Classification), Mycetophila blanda (Classification), Mycetophila bohemica (Classification), Mycetophila caudata (Classification), Mycetophila confluens (Classification), Mycetophila dziedzickii (Classification), Mycetophila flava (Classification), Mycetophila fungorum (Classification), Mycetophila gentilicia (Classification), Mycetophila ichneumonea (Classification), Mycetophila laeta (Classification), Mycetophila lubomirskii (Classification), Mycetophila luctuosa (Classification), Mycetophila marginata (Classification), Mycetophila ocellus (Classification), Mycetophila perpallida (Classification), Mycetophila signatoides (Classification), Mycetophila sordida (Classification), Mycetophila strigatoides (Classification), Mycetophila strobli (Classification), Mycetophila stylata (Classification), Mycetophila subsigillata (Classification), Mycetophila sumavica (Classification), Mycetophila vittipes (Classification), Mycetophila xanthopyga (Classification), Mycetophila zetterstedtii (Classification), Phronia (Classification), Phronia biarcuata (Classification), Phronia braueri (Classification), Phronia cinerascens (Classification), Phronia disgrega (Classification), Phronia distincta (Classification), Phronia elegantula (Classification), Phronia exigua (Classification), Phronia flavipes (Classification), Phronia forcipata (Classification), Phronia forcipula (Classification), Phronia nigricornis (Classification), Phronia nigripalpis (Classification), Phronia nitidiventris (Classification), Phronia obtusa (Classification), Phronia portschinskyi (Classification), Phronia tiefii (Classification), Phronia willistoni (Classification), Platurocypta (Classification), Platurocypta punctum (Classification), Platurocypta testata (Classification), Sceptonia (Classification), Sceptonia fumipes (Classification), Sceptonia longisetosa (Classification), Sceptonia regni (Classification), Sceptonia thaya (Classification), Trichonta (Classification), Trichonta clavigera (Classification), Trichonta girschneri (Classification), Trichonta hamata (Classification), Trichonta melanura (Classification), Trichonta submaculata (Classification), Trichonta subterminalis (Classification), Trichonta venosa (Classification), Trichonta vitta (Classification), Trichonta vulcani (Classification), Zygomyia (Classification), Zygomyia notata (Classification), Zygomyia pseudohumeralis (Classification), Zygomyia semifusca (Classification), Zygomyia zaitzevi (Classification), Mycomyinae (Classification), Mycomya (Classification), Mycomya Mycomya (Classification), Mycomya annulata (Classification), Mycomya bicolor (Classification), Mycomya cinerascens (Classification), Mycomya denmax (Classification), Mycomya festivalis (Classification), Mycomya flavicollis (Classification), Mycomya maculata (Classification), Mycomya marginata (Classification), Mycomya nigricornis (Classification), Mycomya nitida (Classification), Mycomya prominens (Classification), Mycomya ruficollis (Classification), Mycomya shermani (Classification), Mycomya tenuis (Classification), Mycomya vittiventris (Classification), Mycomya Mycomyopsis (Classification), Mycomya affinis (Classification), Mycomya maura (Classification), Mycomya trilineata (Classification), Acnemia (Classification), Acnemia angusta (Classification), Acnemia longipes (Classification), Acnemia nitidicollis (Classification), Allocotocera (Classification), Allocotocera pulchella (Classification), Azana (Classification), Azana anomala (Classification), Megalopelma (Classification), Megalopelma nigroclavatus (Classification), Monoclona (Classification), Monoclona rufilatera (Classification), Neuratelia (Classification), Neuratelia nemoralis (Classification), Phthinia (Classification), Phthinia mira (Classification), Phthinia winnertzi (Classification), Polylepta (Classification), Polylepta borealis (Classification), Polylepta guttiventris (Classification), Sciophila (Classification), Sciophila buxtoni (Classification), Sciophila fenestella (Classification), Sciophila geniculata (Classification), Sciophila hirta (Classification), Sciophila karelica (Classification), Sciophila krysheni (Classification), Sciophila lutea (Classification), Sciophila modesta (Classification), Sciophila nonnisilva (Classification), Sciophila persubtilis (Classification), Sciophila plurisetosa (Classification), Sciophila rufa (Classification), Sciophila setosa (Classification), Sciophila varia (Classification), Phronia strenua (Classification), Myrosia (Classification), Palaeodocosia vittata (Classification), Exechia borealis (Classification)
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith